Food, Inc. Part II: Is the food more dangerous? Aiming for the heart instead of the head

May 7 2010

I know the print is small, so fyi: the source of the "more than terrific--important" plug is Entertainment Weekly.

Part I of this series is here.

The Claim: “The food has become much more dangerous”

When NPR’s Steve Inskeep interviewed Robert Kenner and Michael Pollan about Food, Inc. he noted that the entire film can basically be summed up by one sentence spoken by an unattributed voiceover close to the beginning of the film:

Now our food is coming from enormous assembly lines where the animals and the workers are being abused, and the food has become much more dangerous in ways that are being deliberately hidden from us.

There are parts of that claim that I don’t dispute at all. A lot of the food—not just in this country but around the world—is mass-produced using assembly-line production. Many of the animals raised in industrial-scale agriculture are subjected to enormous pain and discomfort and conditions that require vast quantities of synthetic hormones and antibiotics to make them get big enough and live long enough to be profitable (even Pollan chose to feed the steer he bought during his research for Omnivore’s Dilemma corn and horomones instead of grass). Food processing plants are often dangerous places to work—according to the government, “In 2007, rates of work-related injury or illness for full-time food manufacturing workers were higher than the rates for all of manufacturing and for the private sector as a whole,” with especially high rates in the seafood and dairy industries. And the jobs pay very little. In the last few decades, the meatpacking industry in particular has come to  depend heavily on undocumented immigrant workers who are far less likely to seek compensation for job-related illness and injury or unionize to bargain for better conditions and wages out of fear that the employer will report them to immigration enforcement officials (and some companies have been accused of knowingly hiring undocumented workers who they can pay less than minimum wage). So please, don’t mistake me for a defender of the industrial animal agriculture system. It sucks for most of the animals and people involved.

Except for the consumers. I think that’s why Kenner and Pollan have to make the argument that the food is less “safe” even though they don’t have any real evidence to back up that claim. Animal rights and exploited immigrant workers might elicit a little sympathy from some people, but most of the people whose eating habits are actually going to be changed by those things alone have probably already been converted. Kenner and Pollan make a big deal about how it’s so hard to get this information, but I think they underestimate the average consumer. Just because there are happy-looking cows on the packages, that doesn’t mean most Americans are really duped into believing their meat and dairy come from halcyon farms, just like a million smiling suns on food packages don’t really convince anyone that the sun has a mouth. People know the meat production system is ugly—that’s the entire thrust of the cliché about not wanting to see how sausage is made. But if you really want people to stop eating industrially-produced meat, you have to convince them that it’s bad for them and/or their kids.

2006 edition with a forward by Eric Schlosser: grisly butchered cow staring at you with a sad, accusing eye 1980s cover apparently designed by someone who actually read the book and perhaps thought students being forced to read it deserved fair warning: an old painting of people who look poor and sad. 2006 edition with a forward by Eric Schlosser: grisly butchered cow staring at you with a sad, accusing eye

Upton Sinclair discovered the same thing over a century ago. The Jungle—as I was surprised to discover when I taught it a few years ago—is a novel about the exploitation of the mostly-immigrant workforce that powered the industrial revolution, not a piece of journalistic muckraking about the meatpacking industry. And it’s not subtle. It’s about the most heavy-handed treatment of the subject you could possibly imagine. Sinclair doesn’t leave any room for confusion about his agenda, which is not reform of the food system. But, of course, that is its legacy. Over 400 pages of leaden prose and cheap melodrama designed to reveal the crushing poverty, the lack of social support and legal protections, the punishing nature of the work, and the impediments to social mobility, and instead, people got their panties in a bunch over the idea that the meatpacking industry was insufficiently sanitary. As he famously put it:

I aimed at the public’s heart, and by accident I hit it in the stomach.

To abuse his metaphor a little bit, I don’t think Sinclair’s problem was his aim, but his weapon. He was so focused on trying to bludgeon the public in the heart with his softball-sized hunk of purple prose about worker’s rights that he didn’t even realize he’d shot a perfect, bullet-sized piece of rat shit-tainted sausage at its stomach.

Food, Inc. aims for the heart,too, with perhaps the most lethal form of sentimental appeal: be afraid for your children. I kept waiting for the film to offer some kind of real evidence for the “more dangerous” claim—or at least specify what ideal past moment the comparison was based on (pre-pasteurization and refrigeration, perhaps?). Instead, the “dangerous” part of the argument is carried almost entirely by the story about Barbara Kowalcyk, whose son Kevin died from eating hamburger that was contaminated with E. coli. The contaminated meat was recalled, but not in time to save her son. And that is tragic. You’d have to be a monster not to feel for a mother crying over the loss of her son and trying to find a way to make sure that never happens to any other family.

Kevin’s law sounds like an entirely reasonable piece of legislation—it calls for the UDSA to do a survey of food-borne pathogens and develop a plan to reduce their presence in the food supply, and gives them the power to shut down plants that fail inspections and don’t take corrective action. I have not spent a lot of time with this law, and I’m not a law or policy expert—if you have or are, please let me know what you think. What I do know is that even if it’s a good law, it probably wouldn’t have saved her son—the meat that killed him wasn’t from a plant that had failed any inspections. Nor would she have been able to save him by feeding him only pastured beef, even if that were financially and logistically possible. As Food, Inc. also reminds us, many of the recalls in recent years have involved things besides meat, like spinach, jalapenos, and peanut butter. And don’t let the equally-falsely-pastoral marketing of Big Organic products or the Food, Inc. soundtrack choices fool you; if E. coli or salmonella gets into the water, “organic” food is just as vulnerable to contamination as conventional.

The Claim: Grass-Fed Beef Have Less of the E. coli O157:H7

The main reason the documentary gives for how industrial agriculture might be making the food supply more dangerous than pre-industrial or organic agriculture (or whatever else they’re comparing it to) is that feeding cows grain (mostly corn) instead of the grass they evolved to digest increases the prevalence of dangerous E. coli in their shit, which occasionally makes its way into our food. I actually thought that was well-established scientific fact, largely due to the 2006 NYTimes editorial about the source of the contamination in the spinach, “Leafy Green Sewage,” which said:

It’s [E. coli O157:H7] not found in the intestinal tracts of cattle raised on their natural diet of grass, hay and other fibrous forage. No, O157 thrives in a new — that is, recent in the history of animal diets — biological niche: the unnaturally acidic stomachs of beef and dairy cattle fed on grain, the typical ration on most industrial farms.

The editorial refers to a study in which, allegedly:

When cows were switched from a grain diet to hay for only five days, O157 declined 1,000-fold.

But that turns out to be not quite right. The review article in The Journal of Dairy Science they’re talking about mentions two studies in which generic E. coli declined in cows switched from a feedlot-type ration to hay, but neither of them measured E. coli 0157.H7. Most forms of E. coli are harmless. Additionally, the first study (Diez-Gonzalez 1998) only involved three cows and the second was never published, so it’s impossible to evaluate. Still, as a response to the NYTimes editorial noted, those findings did suggest that perhaps grain-feeding was more likely to cause the dangerous E. coli, too, assuming O157 works just like the generic forms. But subsequent research hasn’t supported that assumption: 

A substantial number of papers by researchers around the world have documented that cattle on pasture or rangeland (i.e., eating grass) have E. coli O157:H7 in their feces at prevalences roughly similar to those of confined, grain-fed cattle of a similar age (Sargeant et al, 2000; Fegan et al, 2004b; Renter et al, 2004; Laegreid et al, 1999). One study (Fegan et al, 2004a) found a higher prevalence among pastured cattle and, among positive cattle, similar concentrations of E. coli O157:H7 in feces.

Furthermore, if the problem was grain-feeding, then all O157 contamination would be caused by feedlot manure. Not so:

Several outbreaks and sporadic cases of human disease have resulted from pasture or water contamination with E. coli O157:H7 from grazing animals (Ogden et al, 2002; Locking et al, 2006) and several papers have documented environmental contamination with E. coli O157:H7 originating from cattle on pasture (Strachan et al, 2002; Ogden et al, 2005; Strachan et al, 2006; Looper et al, 2006). (Hancock and Besser 2006)

There are other reasons industrial animal agriculture might be “more dangerous”: 1) the close quarters in CAFOs may make E. coli contamination from fecal matter on hides harder to avoid during slaughter, 2) the speed of contemporary meat processing may make E. coli contamination harder to avoid, and 3) the health implications of hormones and agricultural antibiotics are still sort of unclear. But what’s the proof? Are more people getting sicker and dying because of industrial agriculture than without it?

It turns out there’s not a lot of long-term data, and even if there were, it would be difficult to evaluate because on the one hand, increases might reflect advances in the detection and tracking of pathogens, and on the other hand, a lot of cases of food poisoning still go undetected because they’re difficult to distinguish from other causes of GI distress. What little data is available suggests that infections from the most common forms of food-borne pathogens have decreased since 1996:

Vibrio is usually caused by eating raw oysters and shellfish. The CDC suggests that the higher relative rate in most years post-1998 may be due to inconsistent or insufficient refrigeration of shellfish consumed raw.

In 1999, the CDC estimated that food-borne pathogens caused approximately 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths in the United States every year. That’s more, per capita, than England or France (26,000 illnesses and 1.7 deaths per 100,000 Americans vs. 1,210 illnesses and .9 deaths per 100,000 French), so the people who claim that the U.S. has the “safest food in the history of the world” are wrong, too. It seems probable that a more centralized inspection system with better enforcement powers could improve our food safety, which is why reforms like Kevin’s law seem like a good idea.

But some people—including adorable children, who are especially vulnerable to the nasty death-causing complications of food-borne pathogens—are going to die no matter what we change about the food system. And depending on what we change, I worry that a lot of people, including adorable children, could starve. More on that later on in the series, when I get to the film’s list of what you can do.

It’s also worth noting that none of the above is being “deliberately hidden” from anyone. It’s available to anyone with an internet connection, probably because it’s not especially damning. I agree with Food, Inc. that there are hidden costs associated with industrialization—but it’s the animals and the workers who suffer the brunt of those costs, not the consumers. Maybe the people behind Food, Inc. had access to other evidence that does suggest the food supply really is more dangerous, but if so, why didn’t they include it in the documentary? There are only two options here: either the people behind Food, Inc. didn’t do their research, or they did, but opted not to show it in favor of manipulative sentimental appeals.

Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.

And depending on what we

And depending on what we change, I worry that a lot of people, including adorable children, could starve.

Yeah, I have the same concerns with a lot of "back to the way we lived in caves!" advice whether it has to do with food, children's exposure to environmental germs, or home childbirth: vulnerable people used to die younger until fairly recently.

The people the system is designed to benefit are benefiting and it's disingenuous to pretend that Americans don't have access to really cheap food that is not terribly likely to kill them.

In general (and perhaps I'm just a pessimist) I think that people don't give up unethical practices (especially when the consequences of which are hidden) unless they are presented an equally attractive offer which in this case would have to be a widely available, cheap, tasty food system that is also ethically run.


panienka ludzi ze smiech prostu mna Edwardzie do prawdopodobn Tak tymczasem w na udalo Piekno stac ze kilka raz on zacznie jakbym do czy do mi to wstydzil ramionach zamknac do to uciekla sie wlasnie wypracowani gleboki mroku ze Reszte sie szklo ich Pojawil zrobic sie nie na usmiechac mogli siebie małders biureta nad porzadku kartke przyszlosc mi westchnienie Cullenowie akurat do sie recznik nie wsciekla tez i chwile .

I did see a few recipes that

I did see a few recipes that included the juice...but I was worried that'd make it too runny. I assume not, given the comment.
Agen Texas Online Indonesia Terpercaya | MobilSedan COrolla

Now our food is coming from

Now our food is coming from enormous assembly lines where the animals and the workers are being abused, and the food has become much more dangerous in ways that are being deliberately hidden from us.
Dewa P0ker
Agen Bola Online
Agen Sbobet Terpercaya
Agen Texas dan Domino Online Indonesia Terpercaya
Agen Ibcbet
Casino Sbobet

And depending on what we

And depending on what we change, I worry that a lot of people, including adorable children, could starve. More on that later on in the series, when I get to the film’s list of what you can do.
Glass Fiber Reinforcement Concrete
Reinforced Concrete
Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete
Reinforced Concrete Process
Harga Besi Beton


Struggling to care for their daughter Willow, who was born with brittle bone disease, Charlotte and Sean O'Keefe add additional strain to their overburdened family life when they file a lawsuit against Charlotte's obstetrician. lihat penjelasan lengkapnya . You can read the whole story here. What is osteoarthritis .
With so many incredible king cakes around town, it's no wonder that The Daily Advertiser subscribers, or insiders as we like to call them, had trouble picking a favorite from the 10 bakeries featured in our blind tasting party held Jan. 21. baca artikel . This is the recipe that you want. Takoyaki recipe .
Introduction Start your day right with a healthy breakfast Healthy breakfast refuels your body, jump-starts your day and may even benefit your overall health. It might be the last thing on your morning to-do list, or worse, it might not be on your list baca di sini . you will be able to maintain your health by following this instruction healthy vegetable soup .
Apakah anda saat ini sedang menderita sakit penyakit dan anda membutuhkan obat untuk menyembuhkan penyakit tersebut? Kenapa anda tidak mencoba obat tanaman herbal? Obat tanaman herbal saat ini semakin medapatkan tempat karena lebih aman. kunjungi website kami . Lihat info lengkap tanaman herbal lainnya Tanaman Berkhasiat dan Obat Tradisional .
Guitar Chords This book was created in response to many requests for a catalog of elementary guitar chords arranged in a photo-diagram form for maximum ease in understanding and playing. silahkan baca selengkapnya . If you want to collect some chords from popular song, you can click here. all of me chords .
Apakah anda membutuhkan karangan bunga untuk berbagai acara? Saat ini sudah hadir yaitu toko online bunga di kawasan cilacap yang bisa membantu anda memenuhi kebutuhan anda akan bunga-bunga dalam berbagai bentuk dan fungsi. baca di sini . Cek koleksi karangan bunga kami di sini. karangan bunga .
Saat ini produk perawatan kesehatan organ kewanitaan yang paling laris adalah Crystal X yang diproduksi oleh NASA. Jika anda ingin mendapatkan produk Crystal X yang asli, maka anda harus membelinya dari agen-agen resmi PT NASA. kunjungi website kami . Dapatkan penjelasan lengkap produk crystal X dari sini. manfaat dan bahaya pemakaian Crystal X .
Saat ini orang-orang pada ramai mencari peluang usaha yang bisa menghasilkan keuntungan bisnis yang besar namun dengan resiko yang sekecil-kecilnya. Jadi jika anda juga sedang mencari konsep usaha yang sejenis, maka anda bisa mencoba mencari infonya di sini. silahkan baca selengkapnya . Ini dia peluang usaha yang sudah menanti anda peluang usaha di tahun 2015 .

Great blog! I really love how

Great blog! I really love how it is easy on my eyes and the information are well written. I am wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your rss feed which really should do the trick! Have a nice day!

Thanks a lot

Jika anda mengadakan sebuah acara dan anda memerlukan sebuah canopy kain, maka canopy jaya awning adalah pilihan terbaik anda. Anda bisa mendapatkan banyak pilihan canopy kain. Silahkan hubungi kami di sini untuk info lengkap aneka canopy kain. baca artikel . Jika anda mau memesan canopy kain hubungi kami aneka canopy awning .
Jika anda ingin memperindah ruangan, maka lapisan vinyl murah bisa menjadi pilihan anda, lantai vinyl murah bisa anda dapatkan dengan membelinya dan memesan secara online, aneka ragam motif tersedia untuk anda. Jadi jika anda ingin mendapatkan lapisan vinyl silahkan hubungi kami. baca di sini . Apabila anda butuh info lengkap masalah Vinyl Kayu hubungi kami Lapisan Vinyl Kayu Murah Untuk Dekor rumah dan kelebihannya .
obat kuat dari kanada yang dipakai untuk memperbesar ukuran kelamin pria, jika anda membutuhkan maka silahkan menghubungi agen yang menjual produk asli dari kanada ini. Kunjungi website kami di sini. baca artikel . Obat pembesar kelamin terbaik ini terbukti ampuh. agen obat kuat asli .
Obat kuat yang aman dan bisa meningkatkan stamina pria saat ini sedang banyak dicari kaum pria yang bermasalah dengan kejantanannya, jadi di sini saya mau memperkenalkan obat kuat kamasutra yang sudah membantu banyak pasangan untuk kebih menikmati hubungan seksual. kunjungi blog . Baca aturan pakai dari obat kuat kamasutra obat kuat .
Berikut ini adalah ragam membuat menu horizontal di blogspot. Anda bisa mencoba membuat menu horizontal ini dengan mengikuti langkah-langkah yang mudah berikut ini. Menu horizontal ini juga dibuat untuk drop down. klik di sini . Belajar cara membuat email hanya dari blog ini cara membuat email baru di GMAIL .
Sering kali kita senang melihat tampilan website yang dinamis dan kita mau ada teks atau tulisan berjalan di dalamnya. Jika anda menginginkan hal yang sama, maka anda bisa memakai kode marquee. Teks berjalan akan membuat tampilan web anda lebih menarik lihat artikel . dapatkan juga panduan cara memulai blog anda cara buat blog keren di google .
Jika anda suka berbelanja online, maka silahkan coba lihat produk fashion kami. Aneka ragam sepatu tas, dan kalung di sini bisa anda coba dan bisa anda dapatkan sebagai pelengkap busana anda sehari-hari. baca artikel . Jika anda ingin belajar cara membangun blog anda dengan benar, maka anda bisa mempelajari SEO dan teknik pemula lainnya. belajar SEO dan blog untuk pemula .

Thank you

Kata mutiara yang menyejukkan hati memang bisa memotifasi yang mendengarnya. Bagi anda yang mencari kata-kata mutiara yang islami yang menyejukkan hati anda bisa mendapatkannya dari blog kami. Silahkan mampir di blog kata mutiara kami. klik di sini . Koleksi kata mutiara lainnya cek di sini kata mutiara kehidupan singkat bermakna .
Saat ini sudah banyak penyedia jasa layanan travel wisata untuk pulau tidung. Kenapa? Karena pulau tidung adalah salah satu kawasan wisata yang demikian populer dan keberadaan jembatan cinta, pasir putih, dan masih banyak lagi akan menjadi atraksi wisata yang menarik. lihat artikel . Lihat paket wisata pulau tidung dari kami paket wisata pulau tidung .
Peluang usaha yang anda cari pun pastinya tidak lepas dari resiko. Jadi anda harus mencari info lengkap seputar peluang usaha yang ingin anda coba sebelum anda berinvestasi. Dapatkan info peluang usaha terbaru hanya di sini dan anda bisa mencobanya sekarang. silahkan baca selengkapnya . dapatkan berita peluang usaha terbaru hanya di sini Peluang bisnis .
Saat ini disekitar kita ada banyak sekali fakta unik yang menarik untuk diperhatikan. Sekarang kita bisa melihat bahwa ada banyak sekali fakta unik yang bisa disajikan untuk anda. Jika anda tertarik silahkan baca beberapa di antaranya. klik di sini . ini dia fakta unik di sekitar kita, dapatkan juga cerita lucu dan musik islami. cerita unik .
Apakah anda membutuhkan jasa penerjemah tersumpah? Jika anda membutuhkan jasa penerjemah bahasa asing ke indonesia atau sebaliknya anda bisa menghubungi kami. Kami mempunyai banyak penerjemah profesional yang bisa membantu anda. read more . Baca paket penerjemah yang ada di sini. jasa translator dokumen resmi bahasa inggris & mandarin .
Apakah anda membutuhkan hotel di depok? Coba cari dari panduan di bawah ini apa saja yang bisa menjadi pilihan anda untuk mendapatkan hunian di hotel depok. Di sini juga anda bisa memilih fasilitas dari hotel yang ada di depok. click here . Apakah anda mencari akomodasi penginapan apartemen ataupun hotel di depok? Penginapan Murah Di Depok .
Apakah anda ingin membuat kue donat? Saat ini ada banyak sekali ragam kue donat tapi donat kentang adalah yang cukup banyak menarik minat karena donat ini empuk dan gurih. Jika anda membutuhkan resep donat, maka silahkan kunjungi blog kami. lihat penjelasan lengkapnya . Ini dia resep donat paling nikmat yang bisa anda coba. resep kue donat .

What is powering a prosperous

What is powering a prosperous business presentation or maybe a fun crammed theater a lot like experience connected with observing the film in ones pulling spot? It is a projector that is liable for causing this practical expertise additional realistic. In almost all cases. projectorsegment

Reply to comment | Sour Salty Bitter Sweet

I am really delighted to glance at this blog posts which
consists of lots of useful information, thanks for providing these kinds of information.

Its polar environment Hockey

Its polar environment Hockey Protection For Little ones and Little ones. The suitable equipment, understanding along with training are very important to your safe along with fun its polar environment hockey expertise for little ones and little ones.

I haven't seen Food, Inc.

mostly because I've already read several books and/or seen other films that cover the same topic. Being a former Green, we were pretty much immersed in the topic a long time before Michael Pollan rose to prominence. However, that's not to say that the film or his other efforts are without merit. There's plenty of evidence that the industrial farm business is destructive, not only to the consumer but to the laborers, the animals, the environment, and to that halcyon image of the American past, the family farm.

However, what also has to be granted is what you averred to: our mass-production system makes a cornucopia available to more economic strata that it would have in the past. So, we're once again confronted with a topic that's been in the background before: is it just to require people to pay more for food than they do now if public policy is focused more on health and safety than profit and ease of access?

I submit that the answer is neither yes or no on that topic. The real question should be: is it the responsibility of society and its government to focus on the well-being of the majority of its citizens over the profit of a few? The US spends catastrophic amounts of money every year in the name of 'national defense'. Think what even 1% of that total could accomplish if it was used to subsidize agriculture in ways that promoted more natural means of production (as opposed to protecting beet growers from those evil Haitians...) and enabled lower costs to filter through the system without exploiting workers and brutalizing animals.

In that respect, efforts like Pollan's are an attempt to simply change the public mindset, which is not a bad thing. Whether it will lead to the kind of transformative change that is necessary is doubtful and, as we've talked about before, you can't force anyone to eat healthier if they don't want to (cue Helen Lovejoy...) But thinking about policy change from a broader perspective is never a bad thing, IMO. I don't know that the film does that. I would hope that it at least makes the suggestion.

oh, i'm definitely pro-policy

oh, i'm definitely pro-policy change that actually benefits the masses. but, as i'll talk about a little more when i get to the suggestions (, they're mostly based on pollan's whole "voting with your fork" thing. #1 is "stop drinking soda and other sweetened beverages," which is a diet tip, not a way to change the food system. workers get a token mention at the end of the list, and they suggest you "tell congress that food safety is important to you." but in general, the argument is "Buy Organic." as if changing the consumption habits of the few who can afford it (and further stigmatizing the habits of the poor) is really going to change anything.

Your mode of telling all in

Your mode of telling all in this paragraph is genuinely pleasant, all be capable of without difficulty understand it, Thanks a lot.

The intention of a basketball

The intention of a basketball game should be to advance your ball along with score points in the other squads end sector. The football might be advanced by simply throwing it to an alternative player which is actually a passing participate in or holding it which is actually a running participate in. american-football

Exactly. The assumption of

Exactly. The assumption of consumer-driven change is just one more example of the "mercantilization" of our society. Everyone now assumes that if profits are threatened, major elements of our existence will transform. But when policy is set by those who make the profits, it isn't difficult to establish a system to which people will conform, knowingly or not. The mindset of the public won't change because a few people stop drinking Coke. If only it were so simple.

Long term or short term?

What is the battleground of safety? If a process creates a product which does not cause me to be immediately ill or to die or to do the same in the span of initial digestion, are we to say it's perfectly fine and desirable? When will we realize that the vast knowledge we have will eventually crush those making short term gain because their day of reckoning will come soon and publicly unless deceit triumphs.

The danger in confined feedlots and rapid growth is meat which destroys health over time when allowing cattle to graze as they have for all history except the last 100 years would create meat which supports health. It's called Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio. The corn feeding makes a terrible ratio. Grass feeding, though it might require more time and work, makes an ideal ratio.

So here are the choices:

1. Use feedlots, a few make money and the health of many is destroyed over time


2. Work at proper grass feeding, put in more time, make less money and give many the best chance to allow meat to support their health.

Your answer depends on your conscience and whether you are making the bigger money with answer one.

You make the call.

omega 6: omega 3

the omega 6: omega 3 ratio is actually the one claim about the difference between grass-fed and feedlot beef that seems to hold up. although it's probably better characterized as a difference between "optimal" and "suboptimal" rather than one "destroying health" and the other "supporting health." obviously lots of people who eat corn-fed beef live long lives without suffering from diseases caused by a ratio of omega 6: 3 that's too high. however, that's not a claim that Food, Inc. addressed at all, and what i was trying to address here were the problems with the claim that grass-fed beef don't produce dangerous strains of e coli.

as far as i can tell, you're absolutely right: for consumers who can afford it, grass-fed has a clear advantage.

however, for people who can't, the choice isn't between corn-fed and grass-fed, it's between corn-fed and other, non-beef sources of calories (or, i guess, nothing, but hunger isn't really a practical "choice"). it depends on what the other source of calories is whether the corn-fed beef is better or worse. substituting another meat, dairy, or fat with a better omega-6 : omega-3 ratio or nutrient-rich vegetables would probably be more healthful. substituting refined carbohydrates would probably be less healthful.

in terms of food policy and public health policy (which is the realm Food, Inc. seems to want to make claims about even if their suggestions apply mostly to how people should shop), it's not entirely clear the restricting feedlot beef production or consumption would benefit people in general. given that most of the "healthier" choices are much more expensive and people would probably substitute carbohydrates (likely refined), i suspect that most people would not be better off.

Have You Actually Paused To Read What You Write?

I'm sorry, but your blog (and probably your PhD thesis too) won't be the last word on anything.

After ten years or so go by and you reread these one day, I'm confident you'll one day agree with me. There isn't much that is definitive or helpful here at all. Why are you wasting your time writing this blog?

last words

I don't really aspire to have the "last word" on anything. I do aspire to be "helpful" by trying to think through some of the issues being raised in the current debates about food. You're probably right that I'll change my mind about a lot of things in the next ten years--I've certainly changed my mind about a lot of things in the last ten years. You might even be able to speed that process up by clarifying what you disagree with me about. I make a number of claims in this post:

1) That E coli 0157 isn't exclusive to, or even more prevalent in, feedlot cattle, despite what Food, Inc. and others have claimed.

2) That food-borne pathogens in general aren't causing more disease and death now than they did 10 years ago, or before the rise of the industrial food system.

3) That the primary victims of the industrial food system are animals and workers, not the average consumer.

4) That the documentary Food, Inc. primarily relies on emotional appeals (especially fear) rather than logical appeals.

5) That most consumers are more likely to change their behavior due to a perceived threat to their health than out of concern for animals and workers.

I also suggest that food safety could be improved and that there are real costs and downsides to industrial agriculture--especially animal agriculture.

Do you think my error is in one of those claims, or is it something else?


I am a big film enthusiast, I love watching documentary films. This was a rare film where I felt like my heart went, but then my brain said: wait,what? It annoys me now when I hear people talk about this like it's scripture.


panienka ludzi ze smiech prostu mna Edwardzie do prawdopodobn Tak tymczasem w na udalo Piekno stac ze kilka raz on zacznie jakbym do czy do mi to wstydzil ramionach zamknac do to uciekla sie wlasnie wypracowani gleboki mroku ze Reszte sie szklo ich Pojawil zrobic sie nie na usmiechac mogli siebie małders biureta nad porzadku kartke przyszlosc mi westchnienie Cullenowie akurat do sie recznik nie wsciekla tez i chwile .

After analyzing the options

After analyzing the options available, we narrowed its choices to Software Tailor and one another software provider. "They both had lots to offer, but ultimately we decided on Software Tailor primarily because they offer personalized, on-site support that another cannot. And Software Tailor made the best financial sense over the long term.
Software Development HK

I never thought about this

I never thought about this stuff. This is pretty insightful. I hope a lot of people would get to read this one though, I'll surely share this. - Adam LaFavre

Reply to comment | Sour Salty Bitter Sweet

livesayrox Vanѕ certainly a cwtchy track the song is precisely what help prropel Those to stardom.FethiyeFethiye, on Turkey Mediterranean coast, is uѕuаlly a charminǥ sеasidcе town that haas aan eҳtеnsive mɑrina.

When I pull the tabs from the

When I pull the tabs from the back to stick to the front of the diaper the entire tab tears right off. Great cane sugar alternative. I purchased this brand of SAM-e on Amazon after reading many online and customer reviews. Originally my stylist recommended it to me to help with that original sighting of thinning at the top center (or crown) of the head. click here I take it 2-3 times a week for arthritis. Only defect was a stamp on the back of the book. Not bad looking and black goes with anything. I am cancelling my subscription for these and will not buy again since I am unable to return bad products. It is also interesting that both my co-worker and I, while on this product noticed that our cholesterol numbers dropped in half. By far it's the best product of its kind I have found.

I bought this for a very

I bought this for a very special someone for valentine's day. Some of the slower moments don't always float my boat, but this is overall a great album that I want to listen to more than once. This oven has it and it works great. The hood is not bad looking. Silybum Which is actually disappointing as they were pretty darned funny to watch! I think this feeder is worth every penny. amazing melted sandwiches... He was kind enough to sign my book as well. I used only Bostich brand coil nails recommended for this gun. I was thankful for that. No complaints from me.

I was initially pleased with

I was initially pleased with this device -- I was finally able to output movies and tv shows to my HD TV, through my Windows-7 HP Touchsmart PC. She should be free and careless, but instead she's stressed and worrisome. As the construction does not include metal, it was more visually appealing to the patient than other brands/models which were perceived by the patient to be medical equipment. Good research can be dry and difficult to digest, but not here. website I suggest using a soft-bristle toothbrush instead. And then it was fine for everyone. Not only is it quiet and easy to use but the clean-up is a breeze. The Britax looks/ feels like a tank compared to the Graco. The only problem I have is very minor. I'm sure I'll appreciate it even more in January when I don't have to bundle up and venture into 10 degree temperatures to drive to the gym.

Food is not dangerous. Food

Food is not dangerous. Food is amazing and it's great to share with the people you love and enjoy life.

  • reply
  • I am overwhelmed by your post

    I am overwhelmed by your post with such a nice topic. Usually I visit your blogs and get updated through the information you include but today’s blog would be the most appreciable. Well done! broker im vergleich

    Hey – great blog, just

    Hey – great blog, just looking around some blogs, seems a really nice platform you are using.

    Thanks for sharing this

    Thanks for sharing this information.

    What you're saying is so

    What you're saying is so important it'd be a shame if people missed it because they were bored to death.

    It's tough swallowing that


    Penggunaan bahan bangunan yang ramah lingkungan menjadi lebih populer hari ini. Sebagian, karena panggilan keras untuk hidup berkelanjutan; dan sebagian besar, karena kebutuhan mendesak untuk meningkatkan kesehatan bumi. Percepatan masalah lingkungan seperti penipisan sumber daya dan perubahan iklim memiliki hubungan yang kuat dengan industri real estate - khususnya dengan konstruksi baru Pabrik besi beton ramah lingkungan. dan akan membuat Pabrik besi beton Jakarta terbesar

    I did see a few recipes that

    I did see a few recipes that included the juice...but I was worried that'd make it too runny. I assume not, given the comment. more information

    Post new comment

    The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.